Conioselinum gmelinii (Cham. & Schlecht.) Steud. (C. chinense auct. non [L.] B.S.P., C. chinense [L.] B.S.P. var. pacificum [S. Wats.] Boivin, C. pacificum [S. Wats.] Coult. & Rose)
Usually hairless, sometimes glaucous, perennial from a short, stout rhizomatous stem-base with a cluster of fleshy roots or a single tap-root; single stem, leafy, 20-120 cm tall. Leaves all on the stem, egg-shaped to deltoid in outline, two to three times pinnately dissected, with lobed or cleft leaflets, leaf stalks sheathing at the base. Flowers white, small, numerous in 8-30 small compact heads in one to several compound umbels; involucral bracts one to few, linear in shape, or lacking. Fruits oblong-oval, 5-8 mm long, hairless, ribbed with the lateral ribs having broad, thin wings (Pojar and MacKinnon, 1994).
Common on gravelly beaches, sandy shores, upper tidal marshes, grassy bluffs and headlands, mostly along or near the coastline (Pojar and MacKinnon, 1994).
Light textured sandy and loamy soils (Fern, 2000).
soil reaction salinity
Fairly wide range of soil reactions from acidic to alkaline. Can tolerate salinity (Fern, 2000).
Moist to wet (Fern, 2000).
Shade intolerant to mildly tolerant. Requires full sun (Fern, 2000).
bec zone subzone status
Occurs on grassy bluffs and rocky headlands within Garry oak ecosystems.
Potential reclamation species for erosion control on moister disturbed sites.
Browsed by deer, elk, moose and bear. Flowers attract butterflies.
Potential garden ornamental for the moist sunny garden.
Known as wild carrot or Indian carrot. Cooked and eaten historically by coastal Aboriginal Peoples, though not apparently used now. Leaves used to make a tonic for the treatment of colds and sore throats and in steam baths to treat rheumatism (Pojar and MacKinnon, 1994; Turner, 1995).
May to August
fruit ripening time
July to September
seed collection time
Late summer once dark stripes are apparent on fruit.
no seeds per kg
collection and abstraction
Collect seed as soon as ripe by hand stripping. Clean by drying and fanning.
Store in airtight containers at 2º C. Can be stored for up to three years.
fruit seed dormancy treatment
No dormancy treatments are necessary. Leach seeds in tap water for four hours before sowing. Sow stored seeds in fall or early spring. As soon as plants are large enough to handle, prick out into separate pots (Fern, 2000).
additional info and photos
For more information and pictures, visit the E-Flora BC website at www.eflora.bc.ca.