Elymus hirsutus J. Presl
Perennial grass, 0.5 to 1.5 m tall forming small clumps. Leaves broad and flat with rough surfaces and slightly rolled in edges, claw-like, clasping auricles and short (1 mm) collar-like ligules. Inflorescence flexible drooping spike with two stalkless spikelets at each node. Spikelets with two or more florets. Lemmas fringed with long hairs with awns up to 2 cm long. Often hybridizes with E. glaucus (Pojar and MacKinnon, 1998).
Western North American grass most common in coastal regions. Occurs in boreal, cool temperate and cool mesothermal climates. Occurrence decreases with increasing continentality (Klinka et al., 1989).
Moder and mull humus (Klinka et al., 1989).
Nitrogen rich soils (Klinka et al., 1989).
Moist to wet (Klinka et al., 1989).
Light sun to shade (Klinka et al., 1989).
Climax associated with broad-leaf tree species on water-receiving sites such as floodplains, wet meadows, avalanche tracks and mountain gullies (Klinka et al., 1989).
Forage for both livestock and wildlife.
Use in borders, along meadow edges and in containers.
collection and abstraction
Harvest by hand and clean by gently de-awning with a brush machine or air screen machine (Link, 1993).
Store up to five years at low humidity and low temperatures (Link, 1993).
fruit seed dormancy treatment
No dormancy treatment required. Good results from both fall sown (germination in March) and summer sown (night 12º C/day 20-25º C) (S. Bastin, personal communication).
Good success with plant division in early spring or fall; an excellent way to increase stocks.
additional info and photos
For more information and pictures, visit the E-Flora BC website at www.eflora.bc.ca.