Trifolium wormskioldii Lehm.
Perennial herb with creeping rhizome. Stems are branched, prostrate, to 30 cm long, tips turning up. Leaves are compound, three-foliate; leaflets to 3 cm long, pointed at tip and finely toothed. Flowers are red to purple, often tipped with white, pea-like, to 1.2 cm long, in dense heads of 2-60 flowers to 3 cm across. Pods with 1-4 seeds (Pojar and MacKinnon, 1994). Photo by Toni Corelli.
Moist to wet, open places from low to middle elevations. Often found growing together with pacific silverweed in dense patches along estuaries (Pojar and MacKinnon, 1994)
Medium textured soils (Kartesz, 2006)
Rich (Klinkenberg, 2004)
soil reaction salinity
pH 6.2 – 7 (Kartesz, 2006)
Medium (Kartesz, 2006)
Intermediate (Kartesz, 2006)
bec zone subzone status
CWH, CDF (Kartesz, 2006)
Roots contain nitrogen-fixing bacteria. Some of the nitrogen is used by the growing plant but some can also be used by plants growing nearby (Kartesz, 2006).
Geese are known to eat the roots of Springbank clover (Turner, 2004).
The long, fleshy white rhizomes were an important food source to northwest coast peoples (Pojar and MacKinnon, 1994).
Can be used as fodder for animals (Kartesz, 2006).
fruit ripening time
seed collection time
no seeds per kg
collection and abstraction
The best time to collect seed is in the fall as the flowers are starting to dry out and die back (Turner, 2005). Best to collect on a sunny day if possible so that the seeds are already dry.
Dry seeds (without heat) and store in sealed paper envelopes (Turner, 2005).
fruit seed dormancy treatment
additional info and photos
For more information and pictures, visit the E-Flora BC website at www.eflora.bc.ca.www.eflora.bc.ca