Large, tall (70-90 m) coniferous tree. Crown of young trees pyramidal with a stiff erect leader. Branches spreading to drooping. Buds sharply pointed. Needles spirally arranges, flat, yellow-green, 2-3 cm long, with pointed tips, one grove on upper surface and two white bands of stomata on the lower surface. Trunk straight or slightly tapering, 1-3 (occasionally up to 5) m in diameter. Bark ultimately very thick, fluted, ridged, rough and greyish-brown. Pollen cones small, reddish-brown. Young seed cones hanging, oval, 5-10 cm long, green at flowering, turning reddish-brown to grey at maturity; scales papery; bracts prominent, 3-pronged, and extending beyond the scales. Seeds oblong-triangular, 5-7 mm long, terminally winged (Pojar and MacKinnon, 1994). Photo by Moralea Milne.
News – trees
Heavy-limbed tree growing 12 to 35 m tall, with main stem 60 to 270 cm in diameter, though often short and crooked in rocky habitats. Bark is light grey, with thick furrows and ridges. Leaves are alternate, deciduous, deeply round-lobed typical oak leaves to 12 cm long, shiny dark green above, greenish-yellow and brown-haired below, turning dull yellow-brown in fall. Male and female flowers are tiny and inconspicuous, borne in separate inflorescences on the same tree but are self-incompatible. Male flowers are hanging catkins female flowers are single or small clusters. Flowers at same time as leaves appear. Fruit is an acorn found singly or in pairs, 2.5-3 cm long ovoid to obovoid, with a shallow cup enclosing less than third of the acorn (Elias, 1980; Pojar and MacKinnon, 1994). Photo by Brian Reader.
Broadleaf tree, 6-30 cm tall, often with many stems from the base and more shrublike; young bark chartreuse and smooth, aging to deep brownish-red and peeling off. Leaves alternate, evergreen, leathery, egg-shaped to elliptic, glabrous, entire on mature older growth, fine-toothed on young shoots, 5-15 cm long, dark shiny green above and whitish-green below. Flowers in large drooping terminal clusters; corollas white or pinkish, urn-shaped, 6-8 mm long, fragrant. Fruits: berries, globe-shaped, orange to red, about 1 cm across; surface finely granular (Douglas et al., 1999). Photo by Dave Polster.